**Original manuscript:** 2011/09/01
**Manuscript last revised:** 2014/07/21

Distributions, i.e., subsets of tangent bundles formed by piecing together subspaces of tangent spaces, are commonly encountered in the theory and application of differential geometry. The fundamental theory of these objects is presented in a systematic way, and self-contained proofs are given of some of the major results. Parts of the theory are presented in the context of generalised subbundles of vector bundles. Special emphasis is placed on understanding the rôle of sheaves and understanding the distinctions between the smooth or finitely differentiable cases and the real analytic case. The Orbit Theorem and applications, including Frobenius's Theorem and theorems on the equivalence of families of vector fields, are considered in detail. Examples illustrate the phenomenon that can occur with generalised subbundles and distributions.

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Last Updated: Thu Jun 13 10:04:52 2024